JCU researchers say new herbicides a threat to reef
Researchers at James Cook University have found new types of weedkiller used on sugar cane farms are in many cases just as harmful, or worse, for the Great Barrier Reef as the restricted chemicals they replaced.
Herbicide runoff from farms is known to damage microalgae, seagrass and corals. In 2009 several types of weed killers had severe restrictions placed on their usage in the Great Barrier Reef catchment area, effectively forcing the sugar industry to find alternative herbicide products.
But work led by JCU’s Dr Aaron Davis has found that many of the alternatives are no better, and in some cases possibly worse from an environmental perspective, than some of the regulated herbicides they replaced.
“We ran virtually all the herbicides in the sugarcane industry through the environmental models. Many had almost identical toxicity or runoff properties, or worse, than what they replaced,” Dr Davis said.
He said some of these replacement herbicides were not subject to the new regulations. Dr Davis said restricting several older style herbicides in an effort to protect the reef was an “ad hoc” reaction to the problem.
“No one asked what cane growers were going to do instead,” he said. “As well as uncertain environmental benefits, a lot of the alternatives don’t have the same track record in weed control. Growers are not as experienced in using them in terms of how much and what mixture. It creates in many ways a large scale experiment by farmers.”
He said farmers are very interested in minimising damage to the environment and are otherwise tracking well on the Government’s goal of a 60 percent reduction in the amount of restricted herbicides ending up on the reef.
Dr Davis said some of the emerging alternative herbicides “show a lot of potential,” but a significant part of the answer to the problem simply lies in better farming strategies and weed management systems, rather than overt focus on individual chemicals.
“Herbicides are designed to act on the environment, and a perfectly safe chemical weedkiller is still a fair way off,” he said.